Schellenberger, Barbara: Katholische Jugend und Drittes Reich
Kommission für Zeitgeschichte, Research Center, Bonn

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Schellenberger, Barbara: Katholische Jugend und Drittes Reich.
Eine Geschichte des Katholischen Jungmännerverbandes 1933–1939 unter
besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rheinprovinz, Mainz 1975

(Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Zeitgeschichte, Reihe B: Forschungen, Bd. 17)

Barbara Schellenberger: Katholische Jugend und Drittes Reich. Eine Geschichte des Katholischen Jungmännerverbandes 1933–1939 unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rheinprovinz.

Barbara Schellenberger: Katholische Jugend und Drittes Reich. Eine Geschichte des Katholischen Jungmännerverbandes 1933–1939 unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rheinprovinz.

In the National Socialists’ Kirchenkampf (anti-church campaign), confrontations with Catholic youth organizations were among the most conspicuous proceedings. Yet until now the subject has received only inadequate attention from scholars.

All the more important, then, the present study by Barbara Schellenberger, which depicts these confrontations between Catholic youth and National Socialism, especially on the territory of the old Prussian Rhine Province. The author chose those geographical limitations because that region contained both the organizational headquarters and the largest chapters in the diocese. Their history is covered here.

By extending the time period she covers to beyond 1 December 1936, when the law mandating membership in the Hitler Youth was proclaimed, the author avoids the pitfalls of interpretation that focusing exclusively on the events of 1933 might have engendered. The result is an impressive portrayal of Catholic youth organizations' resolute efforts at self-defense, which succeeded in holding off the embrace of the Hitler Youth (HJ) and League of German Girls (BDM).

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