Prussian domestic policy after the First World War has recently attracted increasing interest from scholars. In addition to biographical publications on the important Social Democratic
minister-president Otto Braun, numerous studies on the evolution and organization of the civil service and state apparatus have appeared, as well as on economic and domestic policy up to
Papen’s »Preußenschlag« of 20 July 1932 (when that Reich chancellor deposed the Prussian government by decree). This scholarship has helped establish the fact that the »Prussian
system’s« often cited stability rested not least on the long-lasting alliance between the SPD and the Center Party. In contrast, no such stable majority coalition was achieved at the national
level from 1920 onward.
Herbert Hömig’s study is the first to investigate the politics of the Center Party faction in the Prussian Landtag (provincial parliament) between 1929 and
1933, in connection with Prussian and Reich domestic policies. Hömig elaborates the successes in cultural policy, such as securing confessional schools and the training of religion teachers, the laws
governing priests’ pay, and the concordat of 1929. He also examines the effects of the Center Party’s demands for Catholic parity in the civil service and the schools. These proved
decisive arguments for the Prussian Center Party leadership under Felix Porsch and Joseph Heß in internal debates on behalf of a coalition with the Social Democrats. That coalition succeeded in
holding its parliamentary basis until the National Socialist election victory of 24 April 1932. Hömig also gives an account of the Center Party’s controversial exchanges with the
NSDAP over forming a new government after Prussia’s Gleichschaltung (alignment) in July 1932.