Research on the fate and conduct of the Catholic Church under National Socialism has been an important mission of the historical profession for many years. Thomas Breuer widens this debate with his
regional history of the changing relations between Church members, clergy, and bishop in the largely pre-industrial environment of the Bamberg Archdiocese.
The author advances the thesis that the Catholic Church opposed National Socialism as a symptom of secular modernity. He interprets the resistance of Church members to National
Socialism, as well as the limits of Church opposition, from the standpoint of traditional Church responses to secularization.